The streaming services take their 30%. The record labels take theirs. The artist getting anything tangible really depends on a myriad of factors somehow working together.
The utility of these analyses is questionable in the Nigerian context because legal solutions are not sought to issues of unlicensed music sampling. On the rare occasions, an angry Instagram post is where it starts and ends. Again, is the issue with ignorance of copyright laws or the discouraging nature of court process?
In the US, a workable defense to a suit of music sampling is the doctrine of fair use. Fair use has been defined as “the right to copy a portion of a copyrighted work without permission because the use is for a limited purpose, such as for educational use in a classroom or to comment upon, criticize, or parody the work being sampled.”
Legal restrictions have arisen against sampling. The moral argument against this is that it restricts creativity. Many affirm that no song or genre is brand new, only a modification of something prior or a product of combinations.